Understanding Bengali Culture: Etiquette and Customs for Visitors to Dhaka

Indigo- flights to Dhaka

Bengali culture is unique, to say the least, and incomparable, to say the most. The capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, is varied, eclectic, and rich in traditions. You will enter a different world here, and your flights to Dhaka promise to come with several surprises for you and your loved ones. Understanding any city’s culture is important before you plan your trip. You will better manage your expectations and seamlessly merge with the local people. Wondering how you can do that? Here is how.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the heart of Bengali culture, providing insights into the dos and don’ts, rituals, and values that will help you navigate Dhaka with grace.

How to Navigate Like a Pro in Dhaka

  • Warm and Hospitable People: Bengali culture is celebrated for its unparalleled warmth and hospitality. It’s not uncommon for strangers to strike up conversations and offer assistance. If you find yourself invited to a local’s home, expect to be treated like family. You may be presented with a traditional “cha” (tea) ceremony, where tea is served with the utmost warmth.
  • Greetings and Expressions: Greetings are more than just pleasantries in Dhaka, they are expressions of respect. When meeting someone, maintain eye contact and offer a friendly smile. The traditional greeting, “As-salaam alaikum,” signifies peace and goodwill and is often accompanied by a warm handshake or a nod of the head.
  • Dress Modestly: While modern fashion trends are embraced in Dhaka, it’s a nice idea to dress modestly, particularly when visiting religious sites or conservative areas. Respecting the local arenas while visiting them would help you seamlessly merge with the local people.
  • Removing Shoes: The practice of removing shoes before entering homes, mosques, and certain other places extends beyond cleanliness, it signifies respect and humility. Consider practising that whenever you enter any religious or domestic place.
  • Gift Giving: The act of gift-giving in Bengali culture is an expression of appreciation and goodwill. When presenting a gift, it’s the thought that counts rather than the monetary value. Traditional gifts like sweets, fruits, or handcrafted items are treasured and symbolise the sincerity of your gesture.
  • Dining Etiquette: Dining is a sacred ritual in Bengali culture, and sharing a meal is an intimate experience. When dining with locals, observe traditional customs. Use your right hand to eat, as the left is considered unclean. Wait to be seated, and only start eating once the host initiates the meal, usually with a welcoming phrase like “Bismillah” (In the name of Allah).
  • Language and Communication: Bengali (Bangla) is the heart and soul of communication in Dhaka. Learning a few Bengali phrases showcases your interest in the culture and helps you connect with locals on a deeper level. “Dhonnobad” (Thank you) and “Apnar nam ki?” (What is your name?) can go a long way in sparking conversations. Consider downloading a translation app on your phone to make the communication even more transparent.
  • Religious Respect: Dhaka is home to several religions, with Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists coexisting harmoniously. When visiting religious sites, your attire should reflect reverence. Cover your head and remove your shoes before entering mosques and temples. Seek permission before taking photographs, as some places may have restrictions.
  • Bargaining in Markets: Dhaka’s bustling markets and bazaars give terrific opportunities for bargaining. You have the opportunity to test your negotiation skills in these markets. Bargaining is a cultural norm, and sellers anticipate negotiations. Approach the process with a friendly demeanour, and don’t be afraid to haggle. It’s a shared dance where both parties ultimately aim for a fair deal.
  • Tipping: While not obligatory, tipping is a token of appreciation for good service. Rounding up the bill or leaving a small tip is customary in restaurants. A 5-10% gratuity is considered polite and even generous for other services like taxis and tour guides.
  • Festivals and Celebrations: Dhaka pulsates with life during festivals and cultural celebrations. Immerse yourself in these events to witness the sheer joy and enthusiasm of the Bengali people. Whether it’s the colourful amalgamation of Pohela Boishakh (Bengali New Year) or the spiritual serenity of Eid al-Fitr, embrace the festivities with open arms.
  • Punctuality: Dhaka’s traffic can be unpredictable, but punctuality is still highly regarded in business and formal settings. Plan your travels with some buffer time to account for potential delays, but strive to arrive on time for meetings and appointments as a sign of respect for your hosts.
  • Photography: When capturing the beauty of Dhaka and its people, always seek permission before taking photographs of individuals, especially in rural areas. Some may be camera-shy, while others may be delighted to be a part of your memories.
  • The Concept of “Adda”: “Adda” is a cherished aspect of Bengali culture. It encompasses informal gatherings and conversations. It’s an opportunity to bond, share stories, and connect on a personal level. Whether you’re sipping tea at a local tea stall or lounging in a courtyard, embrace “adda” as a window into the soul of Dhaka.
  • Environmental Considerations: Dhaka is increasingly conscious of environmental issues. Be a responsible traveller by avoiding littering and disposing of your trash in designated bins. Support eco-friendly practices when possible, such as using reusable water bottles and bags.


Whether you are in this city for tourism or business purposes, keeping these little things in mind can go a long way. Dhaka’s culture is fueled with traditions, respect, and hospitality. By delving into these customs and etiquette, you’ll navigate the city seamlessly and forge meaningful connections with the people of Dhaka. Your understanding and appreciation of Bengali culture will enrich your visit to this vibrant city. The knowledge of these customs, along with your opportunity to find options for the cheapest flight booking with IndiGo, can help you have your dream vacation. Tell us in the comments below what you look forward to doing most in this city.


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